ANTONINUS PIUS & FAUSTINA I 140AD Flaviopolis Cilicia Ancient Roman Coin i53443

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He did not possess the sobriquet "Pius " until after his accession to the throne. Antoninus’ father and paternal grandfather died when he was young and he was raised by Gnaeus Arrius Antoninus, his maternal grandfather, a man of integrity and culture and a friend of Pliny the Younger.

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Reference: Sear GIC 1517; B.M.C.21.79,7; SNG France 2181.

AYT. KAI. TI. AIΛ. AΔP. ANTWNINOC, Bare head of .

ΘЄΑ ΦΑΥCΤЄΙΝΑ ΦΛΑΟΥΙΠΟΛЄΙΤΩΝ, Draped bust of Faustina right; in field, ЄT-ZΞ (= .

year 67 of the Era of Flaviopolis = A.D. 140).

You are bidding on the exact .

item pictured, provided with a Certificate of Authenticity and Lifetime .

Titus Aurelius Fulvus Boionius Arrius Antoninus (19 September 86 – 7 .

March 161), generally known in English as Antoninus Pius was.

from 138 to 161. He was the fourth of the.

his accession to the throne. Almost certainly, he earned the name "Pius" because .

, however, suggests that he may have earned the name by .

saving senators sentenced to death by Hadrian in his later years.

He was the son and only child of.

and his mother was Arria Fadilla. Antoninus’ father and paternal grandfather .

died when he was young and he was raised by.

, his maternal grandfather, a man of integrity and .

. His mother married to Publius Julius Lupus (a man of .

in 98, and bore him a daughter called Julia Fadilla.

As a private citizen between 110 and 115, he married Annia Galeria.

. They had a very happy marriage. She was the daughter of .

). Faustina was a beautiful woman, renowned for her wisdom. She spent .

her whole life caring for the poor and assisting the most disadvantaged Romans.

Having filled with more than usual success the offices of.

he obtained the consulship in 120; he was next appointed by the Emperor.

, then greatly increased his reputation by his conduct as.

. He acquired much favor with the Emperor Hadrian, who adopted him as .

his son and successor on 25 February, 138, after the death of his first adopted .

, on the condition that Antoninus would in turn adopt Marcus .

Annius Verus, the son of his wife's brother, and Lucius, son of Aelius Verus, .

On his accession, Antoninus' name became "Imperator Caesar Titus Aelius .

Hadrianus Antoninus Augustus Pontifex Maximus". One of his first acts as Emperor .

to grant divine honours to Hadrian, which they had at first refused; his efforts .

to persuade the Senate to grant these honours is the most likely reason given .

for his title of Pius (dutiful in affection; compare.

). Two other reasons for this title are that he would support his .

aged father-in-law with his hand at Senate meetings, and that he had saved those .

men that Hadrian, during his period of ill-health, had condemned to death. He .

built temples, theaters, and mausoleums, promoted the arts and sciences, and .

bestowed honours and financial rewards upon the teachers of.

Antoninus was not a military man. One modern scholar has written "It is almost .

certain not only that at no time in his life did he ever see, let alone command, .

a Roman army, but that, throughout the twenty-three years of his reign, he never .

went within five hundred miles of a legion".[2] .

His reign was the most peaceful in the entire history of the.

while there were several military disturbances throughout the Empire in his .

, none of them are considered serious. The unrest in Britannia is .

believed to have led to the construction of the.

, although it was soon abandoned. He was virtually unique .

among emperors in that he dealt with these crises without leaving Italy once .

during his reign, but instead dealt with provincial matters of war and peace .

through their governors or through imperial letters to the cities such as .

Ephesus (of which some were publicly displayed). This style of government was .

highly praised by his contemporaries and by later generations.

Of the public transactions of this period we have scant information, but, to .

judge by what we possess, those twenty-two years were not remarkably eventful in .

comparison to those before and after his; the surviving evidence is not complete .

enough to determine whether we should interpret, with older scholars, that he .

wisely curtailed the activities of the Roman Empire to a careful minimum, or .

perhaps that he was uninterested in events away from Rome and.

inaction contributed to the pressing troubles that faced not only Marcus .

Aurelius but also the emperors of the third century. German historian Ernst .

Kornemann has had it in his Römische Geschichte [2 vols., ed. by H. Bengtson, .

Stuttgart 1954] that the reign of Antoninus comprised "a succession of grossly .

wasted opportunities," given the upheavals that were to come. There is more to .

this argument, given that the Parthians in the East were themselves soon to make .

no small amount of mischief after Antoninus' passing. Kornemann's brief is that .

Antoninus might have waged preventive wars to head off these outsiders.

Scholars place Antoninus Pius as the leading candidate for fulfilling the .

Zarah 10a-b), Rabbi Judah was very wealthy and greatly revered in Rome. He had a .

close friendship with "Antoninus", possibly Antoninus Pius, .

who would consult Rabbi Judah on various worldly and spiritual matters.

After the longest reign since Augustus (surpassing.

a couple of months), Antoninus died of fever at.

about twelve miles (19 km) from Rome, on 7 March 161, giving the keynote to his .

life in the last word that he uttered when the.

the night-watch came to ask the password—"aequanimitas" (equanimity). His body .

he had built in the Forum in 141 to his deified wife Faustina was .

rededicated to the deified Faustina and the deified Antoninus.

The only account of his life handed down to us is that of the.

, an unreliable and mostly fabricated work. Antoninus is .

unique among Roman emperors in that he has no other biographies. Historians have .

therefore turned to public records for what details we know.

Antoninus in many ways was the ideal of the landed gentleman praised not only .

by ancient Romans, but also by later scholars of classical history, such as.

or the author of the article on Antoninus Pius in the ninth .

A few months afterwards, on Hadrian's death, he was enthusiastically .

welcomed to the throne by the Roman people, who, for once, were not .

disappointed in their anticipation of a happy reign. For Antoninus came .

to his new office with simple tastes, kindly disposition, extensive .

experience, a well-trained intelligence and the sincerest desire for the .

welfare of his subjects. Instead of plundering to support his .

prodigality, he emptied his private treasury to assist distressed .

provinces and cities, and everywhere exercised rigid economy (hence the .

nickname κυμινοπριστης "cummin-splitter"). Instead of exaggerating into .

treason whatever was susceptible of unfavorable interpretation, he .

spurned the very conspiracies that were formed against him into .

opportunities for demonstrating his clemency. Instead of stirring up .

persecution against the Christians, he extended to them the strong hand .

of his protection throughout the empire. Rather than give occasion to .

that oppression which he regarded as inseparable from an emperor's .

progress through his dominions, he was content to spend all the years of .

his reign in Rome, or its neighborhood.

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Each of the items sold here, is provided with a Certificate of Authenticity,.

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